With ever increasing chances of poisoning associated with toxic pest control, people with environmental friendly minds would want to go green and practice non-toxic garden pest control methods. Your garden stands for “I love nature” so practicing toxic pest control measures contradicts your intentions. There are so many available green methods of controlling pests within your garden. Believe me, they are effective too. Would you like to know how to do non toxic garden pest control? Just read a little bit.
Natural methods of pest control are quite beneficial compared to chemical methods. They are less expensive, safe to your family, safe on your garden and also they do not affect natural environment and wildlife. Above all, these methods supports your intentions of having a garden in the first place.
First and the most important aspect of natural or non-toxic pest control is prevention. Here, you prevents damage on your garden by discouraging pests from entering. You must actively engage yourself in healthy garden defense. These practices are:
- Ensure healthy soil though organic means. Natural decomposing techniques, top-dressing and mulching the soils is the best way of ensuring that your plants grow vigorously, strong and healthy.
- Clear any weak plant from the garden. Weak plants are already infected and may attract pests.
- Minimize breeding places for pest by clearing all debris and weeds from the garden.
- When you work on an infected area, clean your tools thoroughly before moving to your garden. This reduces the chances of spreading the insects.
- Ensure dry foliage on your plants. Wet foliage will encourage pests and insects and even fugal attack on your plants.
The use of beneficial insects is another way of non-chemical control of pests from your garden. These are natural predators that you can either attract them or buy them from catalogues. They prey on harmful pests and their larvae thus inhibiting their survival. You can attract insects like brachnoids, ichneumonwasps or chalcids by planting plants from umbelliferae family. You can plant crops like celery, queen annes’s lace, carrots parsley and caraway. These plants are easy to grow and you should let them to flower since it is the flowers which attracts these insects. By attracting these insects, you ensure that all leaf-eating caterpillars are dealt with. You can plant member s of daisy family to attract ladybugs with are effective in consuming mites, scale, aphids and whiteflies. They can also be bought from catalogues. Other important insects that you can attract into your garden to deal with pests are lacewings, hover-flies and playing mantis.
You can also use non-toxic homemade sprays and yet get similar results like chemical control techniques. These sprays uses noxious (but not toxic) non-chemical ingredients like cayenne, garlic horsetail or stinging nettles. They are safer and non-toxic alternatives. They are diluted in water, blended and then sprayed on plants. They only kills the target pest without affecting beneficial insects. In some cases you can even use traps and barriers as a way of pest control in your garden. At the end, you want to ensure that you have engaged in sustainable and effective ways of dealing with harmful pests. It is also good to remove pest when they reach what is known as economic injury level. These are levels above which any more pest would cause damage to your plants. For most pests, this level is usually about five pests per crop.