Understanding how to deal with pest is one way of maximizing farm produce. Pest is a living organism that causes destruction to plant which are beneficial to man and other beneficial living organisms. Pest infestation is one of the challenge that is rampant in organic gardening nowadays. Some of the general ways of fighting with pests are:
Practicing rotational farming
A farmer should rotate crops of different classes in his garden every season. Rotational practice will discourage buildup of pest which are related to certain type of plants like nematodes or fungal pests.
Start with well rich soil
This is the most basic first step that a farmer should consider when starting. Rich soil contain organic matters rich in nutrients which can support the growing of healthy plants. Farmer should ensure that the soil contains the right nutrients and ph for specific plants that he will to plant. Well drained rich soil contain few pest which are easily manageable. Healthy plants are rarely defeated by pest infestation provided the farmer intervenes in the process.
Farmer should mulch with the right mulching material in order to control weeds which can provide habitat to many pest which can be harmful to growing plants.it is advisable to apply compost or straw as mulching materials because they rarely contain pest. If the mulch gets affected by the pest ,pull it away from the stem of the plant.
Farmers should plant during the seasons in which it is well known that pest population is low. The practice will ease the process of fighting with worms and other pest which are many during hot seasons.
Rearing beneficial insects
Some insects have proven to be of great advantage when it comes to pest control. These insects feed on pest that causes destruction to plants. Small wasps feed on caterpillars and a farmer should plant some kind of flowers to attract beneficial insects.
Set up the traps
Some pest have some common characteristic. Pill burgs, snails and earwigs mostly hide out in shady and damp places when it is hot.one can set up attractive traps like using a seashell or a piece of paper. The trapped insect should be dipped into soapy water to suffocate it.
Preparing the land on time
The land should be dug deeply and well prepared on time before planting. The practice will lead to death of pest found underground when exposed to direct sunshine. Through this habit the life cycle of some harmful pest is broken when larvae are exposed to the scorching sunlight
Planting the best crops
Farmer should select a variety of plants that do well on his garden and rarely infested with pests.This will minimize the cost of control of the pest.
Some insects are highly attracted by some kind of plants. Aphids are attracted to yellow plants and farmer can plant a kind of plant which bears yellow flowers to attract them. After the flower have been loaded with the aphids he should pull out the plant and destroy them.
The above general pest control tips for garden are the traditional ways to help eradicate pests. In case of serious infestation by pest one should seek chemical control methods.